What is a Conveyancing Contract?

A conveyancing contract, also known as a contract of sale, is an essential document in any property transaction. It is the legally binding agreement between a buyer and seller, detailing the terms under which the property purchase will occur. This document spells out everything from the sale price and settlement date to the responsibilities of each party involved in the transfer of property ownership. It is a formal acknowledgment that a property is sold, and it safeguards the interests of both the buyer and seller.

Key Elements of a Conveyancing Contract


  1. Identification of the Parties: This is where the full legal names of both the buyer and seller are listed. It’s crucial for legally identifying who is involved in the transaction.
  2. Description of the Property: A detailed description of the property, including its address, legal description, and any identifiers like the lot or plan number, provides a clear understanding of what is being purchased.
  3. Sale Price and Deposit Amount: The contract will specify the price agreed upon for the property and the amount of deposit paid upfront. This section outlines the financial commitment of the buyer.
  4. Settlement Date and Conditions: The settlement date is when the transfer of ownership is completed, and conditions are the terms that must be met for the settlement to proceed. This may include obtaining financing or selling another property.
  5. Fixtures and Fittings: These are items that are generally considered part of the property and can include light fixtures, carpets, and window dressings. The contract should clarify what stays with the property and what the seller takes with them.
  6. Special Conditions: This section may include conditions such as ‘subject to finance’ or requirements for certain inspections to be passed. They are bespoke to each sale and can be negotiated by both parties.
  7. Instructions for the Real Estate Agent: The contract will outline what is expected from the real estate agent, such as how and when they should conduct inspections or handle the exchange of keys.

In the symphony of property transactions, the conveyancing contract is the sheet music from which all parties play. It ensures everyone is in harmony, reducing the potential for discord and misunderstanding. By understanding these key elements, you ensure that your property transaction is conducted with precision, leaving no note out of place.

Key Documents to Review in Your Conveyancing Contract

In addition to the contract itself, there are several other essential documents that require careful review when examining your conveyancing contract. These documents encompass:

  • Section 32 Statement: Referred to as a Vendor’s Statement, this document provides crucial information about the property, including details about the title and ownership, any easements or covenants, and planning or building permits.
  • Title Search: This document contains details about the present registered owner, existing mortgages or caveats on the property, as well as any other interests or restrictions that could impact the sale.
  • Certificate of Title: This document serves as legal proof of property ownership, encompassing crucial information like boundaries and title restrictions. Its comprehensive nature ensures clarity and certainty in property transactions.

By carefully reviewing these documents alongside your conveyancing contract, you can verify the accuracy of information and ensure it aligns with your understanding of the property. This thorough examination will give you peace of mind and confidence in your decision-making process.

Why is it Important to Check Your Conveyancing Contract?

Checking your conveyancing contract is critical because it helps to:

  • Ensure that all terms agreed upon are clearly stated and legally binding.
  • Confirm that the sale price aligns with your understanding and agreement.
  • Verify the settlement date to plan for the financial and logistical aspects of the property transfer.
  • Clarify the cooling-off period to understand your rights if you change your mind.
  • Confirm vacant possession, ensuring that the property will be empty upon settlement if required.
  • Outline inclusions and exclusions, detailing exactly what is being sold with the property.

What to Look for in Your Conveyancing Contract

When reviewing your conveyancing contract, pay close attention to:

  1. Sale Price: Confirm that the amount is correct and as agreed.
  2. Settlement Date: Note when the property will officially change hands.
  3. Cooling-off Period: Understand the timeframe you have to rescind the contract if needed.
  4. Vacant Possession: Ensure the property will be vacant at settlement if that’s what you expect.
  5. Inclusions and Exclusions: Be clear on what is included with the property, such as appliances and fixtures.
  6. Special Conditions: These might include the requirement for a building and pest inspection or specific repairs to be made.
  7. Legal Advice: Confirm that the contract suggests or requires legal consultation before signing.

How to Check Your Conveyancing Contract with Your Conveyancer

Engage with your conveyancer to:

  • Receive a thorough contract review to ensure all terms are understood and fair.
  • Discuss legal processes involved in the transaction.
  • Seek clarification on any special conditions that may affect your rights or obligations.
  • Utilize their expertise to negotiate terms that may not be in your best interest.

Tips for Checking Your Conveyancing Contract

Here are some practical tips when checking your conveyancing contract:

  • Seek Legal Advice: Before signing a contract, consult with a conveyancer for professional guidance.
  • Review Fixtures and Fittings: Make a checklist of all items that should be included with the property.
  • Understand the Cooling-off Period: Know your rights to withdraw and under what conditions.
  • Inspect the Property Settlement Details: Ensure all financial aspects of the property transfer are clear and accurate.
  • Confirm Special Conditions: Be aware of any additional terms that may impact the sale or purchase.

Why You Should Seek Legal Advice Before Signing a Conveyancing Contract

Legal Advice

Although it might be enticing to cut costs by managing the conveyancing process on your own, it is highly advisable to seek legal counsel before signing any contracts. Engaging a professional conveyancer or solicitor can offer invaluable expertise and guidance, encompassing:

  • Identifying potential issues: A skilled conveyancer possesses the expertise to identify potential issues in the contract that could result in future complications.
  • Negotiating terms: A conveyancer, equipped with extensive knowledge of property laws and regulations, can skillfully negotiate on your behalf to secure favorable terms.
  • Explaining complex clauses: Legal terminology can often be perplexing, but a conveyancer possesses the ability to simplify intricate clauses using plain and understandable language. This ensures that you comprehend every aspect of the contract with utmost clarity.
  • Ensuring legal compliance: By seeking guidance from a legal expert, you can ensure that your contract complies with all necessary legal obligations and remains enforceable in the event of any disputes that may arise.

In essence, it is prudent to seek legal counsel prior to finalizing a conveyancing contract. Doing so not only grants peace of mind but also safeguards your interests throughout the property transaction process.

Conveyancing Contracts: The Foundation of a Secure Property Transaction

Upon conclusion, it is paramount to remember that a conveyancing contract, with all its technical jargon and clauses, is not just a mere formality—it’s the very foundation upon which the security of your property transaction rests. Take the time to understand each element; consult with professionals who can elucidate the finer points and ensure that your interests are not just noted, but enshrined. With a well-crafted contract, you are not just transferring property; you are crafting the beginning of a new chapter with confidence and clarity.